This study provides more information about fishing and its importance for the local communities in Nangarhar province. The study also boosts information about the subsector of small-scale fisheries around the fish catching area. Fisheries supply food for households and local market. The data is collected from Behsood, Kama and Goshta districts of Nangarhar province where running most fishing activities. The artisanal fisher’s data is collected from randomly selected villages located along side of Kabul River, 11 villages were selected and 98 fishers were interviewed. The fish farming data was collected from owners of fish farms. The total list of the fish farms was collected from the Directorate of Nangarhar Agriculture. Afterward, there were randomly selected 38 samples from the list and were interviewed. To find out the contribution of fishing income, the simple regression model was used. Beside of this model, we tried to find out the difference between artisanal and farm earnings. The result shows that fishing income has significantly contributed at total income of this subsector. The farming earning is higher than artisanal earning.